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California’s unemployment rate declines to 6.9 percent in November 2021

Employers added 45,700 nonfarm payroll jobs

IMPORTANT NOTE: The employment data for the month of November 2021 is taken from the survey week including November 12. Data for the month of December is scheduled for release on Jan. 21, 2022.

SACRAMENTO – California’s unemployment rate dropped to 6.9 percent1 in November as the state’s employers added 45,700 non-farm payroll jobs2 to the economy, according to data released today by the California Employment Development Department (EDD) from two surveys. Thanks to November’s job growth, the state has now regained 1,889,000, or nearly 70 percent, of the 2,714,800 jobs that were lost in March and April 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The California unemployment rate was 6.9 percent in November 2021, below October 2021’s rate of 7.3 percent.
California payroll jobs totaled 16,385,100 in November 2021, up 45,700 from October 2021 and up 821,800 from October of last year.

California’s Labor Market, by the Numbers...

  • Since February 2021, California has added 977,200 total nonfarm jobs, which averages out to be a gain of 97,720 jobs per month for that time period.
  • California’s November 2021 gain of 45,700 nonfarm jobs accounted for nearly 22 percent of the nation’s 210,000 overall jobs gain for the month.
  • Eight of California’s 11 industry sectors gained jobs in November with Professional & Business Services (+18,800) leading the way due to large gains in Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services thanks, in part, to increases in Scientific Research & Development Services and Computer Systems Design & Related Services.
  • Educational & Health Services (+9,500) also showed good month-over job gains thanks to strength in Ambulatory Health Care Services and Educational Services.
  • Construction’s sizable loss (-1,700) was largely due to reductions in Specialty Trade Contractors.

1. The unemployment rate comes from a separate federal survey of 5,100 California households.
2. The nonfarm payroll job numbers come from a federal survey of 80,000 California businesses.

Data Trends about Jobs in the Economy

Total Nonfarm Payroll Jobs

This comes from a monthly survey of approximately 80,000 California businesses that estimates jobs in the economy – seasonally adjusted.

  • Month-over – Total nonfarm jobs in California’s 11 major industries totaled 16,835,100 in November – a net gain of 45,700 jobs since October 2021. This followed an upward revised (+14,800) month-over gain of 111,600 jobs in October.
  • Year-over – Total nonfarm jobs increased by 821,800 (a 5.1 percent increase) from November 2020 to November 2021 compared to the U.S. annual gain of 5,802,000 jobs (a 4.1 percent increase).
Major Industries Month-over Change (Oct. 2021–Nov. 2021) Year-over Change (Nov. 2020–Nov. 2021) Total Payroll Jobs as of Nov. 2021
Professional and Business Services +18,800 +174,600 2,765,600
Education and Health Services +9,500 +85,500 2,813,400
Leisure and Hospitality +6,900 +290,100 1,723,000
Government +5,300 +35,800 2,451,700
Other Services +3,200 +54,500 505,400
Trade, Transportation, Utilities +2,100 +83,200 3,022,600
Manufacturing +1,000 +22,800 1,270,900
Financial Activities +900 +1,600 813,300
Mining and Logging -100 -200 18,700
Information -200 +41,800 560,300
Construction -1,700 +32,100 890,200

Total Farm jobs – The number of jobs in the agriculture industry increased by 17,000 from October 2021 to 433,500 jobs in November. The agricultural industry has 19,800 more farm jobs in November 2021 than it did in November a year ago.

Data Trends about Workers in the Economy

Employment and Unemployment in California

This information is based on a monthly federal survey of 5,100 California households which focuses on workers in the economy.

  • Employed – The number of Californians employed in November was 17,719,400, an increase of 79,900 persons from October’s total of 17,639,500, and up 735,500 from the employment total in November of last year.
  • Unemployed – The number of unemployed Californians was 1,321,300 in November, a decrease of 61,900 over the month and down 299,400 in comparison to November of last year.
California Labor Force Month-over Change (October 2021–November 2021) Year-over Change (Nov. 2020–Nov. 2021)
* Civilian Labor Force (19,040,700) +17,900 +436,100
Total Civilian Employment (17,719,400) +79,900 +735,500
Unemployment (1,321,300) -61,900 -299,400

* Labor force by place of residence, including workers involved in trade disputes.

Unemployment Insurance Claims (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The following data is from a sample week that includes the 19th of each month:

In related data that figures into the state’s unemployment rate, there were 434,676 people certifying for Unemployment Insurance benefits during the November 2021 sample week. That compares to 463,257 people in October and 1,278,220 people in November 2020. Concurrently, 52,716 initial claims were processed in the November 2021 sample week, which was a month-over decrease of 7,163 claims from October and a year-over decrease of 116,272 claims from November 2020.

California Unemployment Insurance Claims Month-over Change (October 2021–November 2021) Year-over Change (Nov. 2020–Nov. 2021)
UI Recipients (434,676) -28,581 -843,544
New UI Claims (52,716) -7,163 -116,272
MONTHLY LABOR FORCE DATA FOR COUNTIES
November 2021 (Preliminary); 2020 Benchmark
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
COUNTY LABOR FORCE EMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
STATE TOTAL 19,178,900 18,138,400 1,040,500 5.4%
ALAMEDA 813,300 778,800 34,600 4.3%
ALPINE 500 460 30 6.5%
AMADOR 14,630 13,890 740 5.1%
BUTTE 94,000 89,400 4,600 4.9%
CALAVERAS 21,500 20,610 900 4.2%
COLUSA 10,630 9,530 1,100 10.3%
CONTRA COSTA 542,600 517,800 24,800 4.6%
DEL NORTE 9,250 8,740 520 5.6%
EL DORADO 92,000 88,300 3,800 4.1%
FRESNO 445,100 413,800 31,300 7.0%
GLENN 12,500 11,870 630 5.1%
HUMBOLDT 60,600 58,000 2,600 4.3%
IMPERIAL 68,000 57,500 10,500 15.5%
INYO 8,190 7,840 350 4.3%
KERN 388,800 360,100 28,700 7.4%
KINGS 55,800 51,800 4,100 7.3%
LAKE 28,340 26,690 1,650 5.8%
LASSEN 10,040 9,650 390 3.8%
LOS ANGELES 5,084,300 4,722,100 362,200 7.1%
MADERA 61,100 57,000 4,100 6.7%
MARIN 134,700 130,700 3,900 2.9%
MARIPOSA 7,170 6,770 400 5.5%
MENDOCINO 36,400 34,670 1,730 4.7%
MERCED 114,800 106,000 8,800 7.6%
MODOC 3,330 3,170 150 4.6%
MONO 7,900 7,490 410 5.2%
MONTEREY 217,100 205,100 12,000 5.5%
NAPA 68,600 65,700 2,900 4.2%
NEVADA 47,860 45,970 1,890 3.9%
ORANGE 1,593,300 1,528,500 64,700 4.1%
PLACER 188,100 181,500 6,600 3.5%
PLUMAS 7,400 6,880 520 7.0%
RIVERSIDE 1,131,100 1,070,000 61,100 5.4%
SACRAMENTO 715,700 679,200 36,500 5.1%
SAN BENITO 31,700 29,900 1,700 5.4%
SAN BERNARDINO 993,200 938,800 54,400 5.5%
SAN DIEGO 1,563,700 1,492,400 71,300 4.6%
SAN FRANCISCO 565,600 546,800 18,800 3.3%
SAN JOAQUIN 330,100 308,500 21,700 6.6%
SAN LUIS OBISPO 133,700 128,800 4,900 3.6%
SAN MATEO 445,000 431,300 13,600 3.1%
SANTA BARBARA 220,600 212,000 8,600 3.9%
SANTA CLARA 1,037,100 1,004,200 32,900 3.2%
SANTA CRUZ 133,100 126,600 6,600 4.9%
SHASTA 75,000 71,300 3,700 4.9%
SIERRA 1,360 1,300 60 4.1%
SISKIYOU 16,940 15,970 970 5.7%
SOLANO 202,700 191,700 11,000 5.4%
SONOMA 247,600 238,400 9,200 3.7%
STANISLAUS 241,300 226,400 14,900 6.2%
SUTTER 45,700 42,600 3,100 6.7%
TEHAMA 25,910 24,580 1,330 5.1%
TRINITY 4,520 4,320 200 4.4%
TULARE 200,300 183,800 16,500 8.2%
TUOLUMNE 19,610 18,540 1,070 5.4%
VENTURA 412,300 394,000 18,300 4.4%
YOLO 106,800 102,200 4,500 4.3%
YUBA 30,400 28,500 1,900 6.4%